Install Apache 2 on AWS ec2 instance ubuntu. Through this tutorial, i am going to show you how to install apache 2 web server on aws ec2 instance ubuntu linux.
Nota that, The Apache HTTP web server is the most widely-used web server in the world. It provides many powerful features including dynamically loadable modules, robust media support, and extensive integration with other popular software.
How To Install the Apache Web Server on Ubuntu 20.04/22.04
Follow the following steps for install Apache 2 on AWS ec2 instance ubuntu 20.04/22.04:
- Install Apache 2 on Ubuntu
- Setup Firewall with UFW on Ubuntu
- Managing the Apache Process
Install Apache 2 on Ubuntu
Step 1: Connect Your AWS EC2 Intance from SSH
First of all, you need to connect your aws ec2 instance from ssh. If you are new to connect aws ec2 instance with windows, ubuntu and mac system. So you can read this tutorial “How to Connect to ec2 Instance From Putty and SSH Terminal“ to connect your ec2 instance from ssh.
Step 2: Update Ubuntu System Repositories
In this step, you need to download the latest version of the software by first updating the local package index of Ubuntu repositories. So, start your ssh terminal and type the below given command:
sudo apt update
Step 3: Install Apache 2
In this step, use the below given command to install apache 2 into your ubuntu web server. So, open ssh terminal again and run this sudo command to install apache web server on aws ec2 instance:
sudo apt install apache2
Note that, on running installation of apache 2 web server on aws ec2 instance. The prompt box will be open with a “Y/N” option to continue the installation.
Please enter Y, after which the installation process will begin.
Step 4: Verify the Apache installation
Installing Apache2 web server on your Ubuntu 20.04 EC2 instance is completed. So, open your ssh terminal and type the below command to check the Apache 2 is installed or not on our Ubuntu 20.04 aws EC2 instance:
Congratulation!!, You have successfully installed the Apache 2 web server on AWS ec2 instance.
If you want to access it from outside. So, you need to update firewall settings on your apache 2 web server on your Ubuntu 20.04 EC2 instance.
Setup Firewall with UFW on Ubuntu
Step 1: List the UFW application profiles
In this step, open your terminal ssh and type the following command to list such available firewall ufw applications,:
sudo ufw app list
Then you will see a list of the application profiles:
OutputAvailable applications: Apache Apache Full Apache Secure OpenSSH
As indicated by the output, there are three profiles available for Apache:
- Apache: This profile opens only port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic)
- Apache Full: This profile opens both port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic) and port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
- Apache Secure: This profile opens only port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
Step 2: Allow Apache Full on UFW
In this step, you need to allow Apache Full on UFW will open port 80 and 443 for network traffic, while providing maximum security to the server. So, use the below given UFW command to allow Apache Full through the following command:
sudo ufw allow 'Apache Full'
You can verify the change by typing:
sudo ufw status
The output will provide a list of allowed HTTP traffic:
OutputStatus: active To Action From -- ------ ---- OpenSSH ALLOW Anywhere Apache ALLOW Anywhere OpenSSH (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6) Apache (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
Step 3: Verify that the Apache service is running
sudo systemctl status apache2
Finally, open your browser and type your AWS ec2 instance IP address. And, it will be looks like the Apache 2 page in the following picture:
Managing the Apache Process
Now that you have your web server up and running, let’s go over some basic management commands using
To stop your web server, type:
sudo systemctl stop apache2
To start the web server when it is stopped, type:
sudo systemctl start apache2
To stop and then start the service again, type:
sudo systemctl restart apache2
If you are simply making configuration changes, Apache can often reload without dropping connections. To do this, use this command:
sudo systemctl reload apache2
By default, Apache is configured to start automatically when the server boots. If this is not what you want, disable this behavior by typing:
sudo systemctl disable apache2
To re-enable the service to start up at boot, type:
sudo systemctl enable apache2
Apache should now start automatically when the server boots again.
Install apache on AWS ec2 instance ubuntu tutorial, You have learned how to install apache 2 on aws ec2 ubuntu.